Pangea Stone, Inc.
Your worldwide connection to natural stone.
Granite is an igneous rock, comprised of at least 20% quartz, and up to 65% feldspar. However the term "granite" is used loosely in the building industry to refer to all igneous rocks with large crystals. Typically granite appears in different combinations of pink, gray, brown, or black. Its high level of durability and aesthetic qualities make it a popular choice for countertops and tabletops, however its main disadvantage is its permeability, which ultimately requires the use of gentle cleaning products.
Marble is a rock resulting from the metamorphism of sedimentary carbonate rocks, most commonly limestone or dolomite rock. You can find marble in countries around the world, with the most common color being white, followed by gray, brown, as well as pink or greenish hues. The characteristic swirls and veins of many colored marble varieties are usually due to various mineral impurities such as clay, silt, or sand which were present as grains or layers in the original limestone. Marble is relatively soft within the natural stone category, and is shatter resistant, making it easier to cut tiles and use for countertops, flooring, and bathroom tiles.
Travertine is a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs, and is characterized by pitted holes and troughs in its surface giving it a textured look. It can also be polished to a smooth, shiny finish, and comes in a variety of colors from white, tan, cream-colored, and even coral-red. Travertine is versatile when it comes to its uses, but is most commonly used for flooring. With its natural veins and resemblance to marble, it is often substituted as a more affordable option, however travertine is porous and requires more maintenance during its lifetime.
Unlike natural-stone slabs, quartz slabs are engineered using ground quartz with polyester resins to bind it and pigments to give it color. Quartz slabs come in polished, honed, sandblasted, or embossed treatments and in a variety of colors. The resins help make these slabs stain and scratch resistant, as well as non-porous, so they never need to be sealed and offer low maintenance. Quartz slabs should only be used indoors due to its low tolerance for direct sunlight.
Formed by settled sedimentary rock pressurizing at the bottom seas and lakes, limestone is a strong, solid rock ideal for flooring material, facades, stair treads, and window sills. Limestone comes in muted tones of beige, gray, and tan and offers a, an informal, relaxed, and rustic feel. Limestone is more affordable option but is porous nature requires high maintenance such as periodic sealing.
Onyx is a rare and unique stone that comes in a variety of colors with “veining” in contrasting colors to make these slabs look like works of art. Onyx is soft compared to granite and marble, and usually requires a fiberglass backing to strengthen it. Therefore it requires sealing and regular cleaning with special cleaner.
Quartzite is a naturally occurring stone and is harder than granite, and as elegant as marble. It will withstand heat better than Quartz, which is man-made. Neutral colors such as white and gray, with brown and black accents are more common and compliment a wider variety of design plans. As with all natural stone, this stone requires sealing periodically to prevent stains.